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ROSSINI William Tell, Overture

The Charge of the Light Brigade was a charge of British light cavalry led by Lord Cardigan against Russian forces during the Battle of Balaclava on 25 October 1854 in the Crimean War. Lord Raglan, overall commander of the British forces, had intended to send the Light Brigade to pursue and harry a retreating Russian artillery battery, a task well-suited to light cavalry. Due to miscommunication in the chain of command, the Light Brigade was instead sent on a frontal assault against a different artillery battery, one well-prepared with excellent fields of defensive fire.

The William Tell Overture is the overture to the opera William Tell (original French title Guillaume Tell), whose music was composed by Gioachino Rossini. William Tell premiered in 1829 and was the last of Rossini's 39 operas, after which he went into semi-retirement, although he continued to compose cantatas, sacred music and secular vocal music. The overture is in four parts, each following without pause. There has been repeated use (and sometimes parody) of parts of this overture in both classical music and popular media, most famously as the theme music for The Lone Ranger in radio, television and film. It was also used as the theme music for the British television series The Adventures of William Tell. Franz Liszt prepared a piano transcription of the overture in 1838 (S.552) which became a staple of his concert repertoire. There are also transcriptions by other composers, including versions by Louis Gottschalk for two and four pianos and a duet for piano and violin.


 VIDEO: Music: William Tell Overture (Finale) - Gioachino Rossini Movies: Alexander, Braveheart, Gladiator, Kingdom of Heaven, The Lighthorsemen, LOTR: Return of the King, Mongol, The Patriot, Robin Hood, Taras Bulba, The Last Samurai, The Four Feathers, Waterloo


The Lone Ranger's MUSIC

The Lone Ranger debuted as a radio program on Detroit station WXYZ back in January 1933. Young scriptwriter Fran Striker's brief had been to write a "Robin Hood" style Western hero. 2,956 radio episodes were produced in total.

The theme music to The Lone Ranger is March of the Swiss Soldiers, the finale of Gioachino Rossini's William Tell Overture. Thanks in part to an indelible association with the program and its swashbuckling eponymous character, Rossini's stirring instrumental is among one of the most recognisable in the classical canon. 
By clicking "MUSIC" in the Lables index we will describe other classical selections used as background and transition themes in the radio series. Many can be determined in the book Mystery of the Masked Man's Music : A Search for the Music Used on 'the Lone Ranger' [Reginald M. Jones] on
The Lone Ranger acquired his name after he was the sole survivor of a deadly ambush by violent outlaw Butch Cavendish, in which his brother and four other rangers were slain. Or so the legend goes.  The Lone Ranger and sidekick Tonto often call each other "Kemosabe", which roughly translates as "faithful friend" in Potawatomi, a Central Algonquian language spoken by Native Americans around the Great Lakes in Michigan and Wisconsin.

the music of The Lone Ranger radio series

The most popular radio adventure show in history, The Lone Ranger held an audience of millions spellbound for over two decades. Key to its success was the music used on it-music rendered so beautifully, chosen with such delicate precision, that for half a century listeners have frantically searched for an answer to the question, "What was the music used on the Lone Ranger?" This book answers that question and many more, including, "Who performed it?" "Who recorded it?" "When?" "Where?". Set in Detroit, New York, Hollywood, and Mexico City against a backdrop of cliffhanging events that shaped the broadcasting industry, the story is as great an adventure as any heard on the show itself. The Mystery of the Masked Man's Music: A Search for the Music Used on the Lone Ranger Radio Program, 1933-1954


George W Trendle

George Washington Trendle (July 4, 1884 – May 10, 1972) was a Detroit lawyer and businessman best known as the producer of the Lone Ranger radio and television programs along with The Green Hornet and Sgt Preston's Challenge of the Yukon. During the 1920s, George W. Trendle was a Detroit, Michigan, lawyer who had established a reputation as a tough negotiator specializing in movie contracts and leases. Trendle became involved in the Detroit area entertainment business in 1928 when local motion picture theater owner John H. Kunsky offered Trendle 25 percent ownership in exchange for his services. Trendle and Kunsky formed the Kunsky-Trendle Broadcasting Company in 1929 after purchasing Detroit radio station WGHP. The radio station's call letters were changed to WXYZ. In June 1932, Trendle decided to drop the network affiliation to operate WXYZ as an independent station. His station would produce its own radio drama series and broadcast locally produced music programs rather than pay for syndicated programs. Jim Jewell was hired as the station's dramatic director and supplied the actors from his own repertory company, the "Jewell Players." Freelance radio writer Fran Striker was hired to write many of these programs. The earliest dramatic radio series included Thrills of the Secret Service, Dr. Fang, and Warner Lester, Manhunter. Striker wrote many of the scripts and eventually became head of WXYZ's script department. Late in 1932, Trendle began discussing ideas to create a new radio series with a cowboy as the hero. He wanted a mysterious hero who would have the same type of appeal as Zorro or Robin Hood. The target audience included children, so Trendle insisted on a wholesome hero with high moral standards. Violence and romance were to be minimized. Trendle worked out the basic concept of a masked vigilante, a lone Texas ranger with a big white horse, in staff meetings with Jim Jewell and studio manager Harold True. Then it was turned over to Fran Striker to flesh out the details and provide the scripts. His contributions included silver bullets and an Indian companion. The result was The Lone Ranger, which began broadcasting January 30, 1933, on WXYZ and the seven other stations of the Michigan Regional Network. Trendle recognized the value of the Lone Ranger and forced Striker and Jewell to sign over all rights. Along with the legal rights, Trendle claimed credit as the creator of the Lone Ranger. Trendle and his partners kept most of the profits from radio syndication, movie rights, and merchandising while Striker and Jewell were given little more than their salaries. He is entombed in Detroit's Woodlawn Cemetery.

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John Todd, aka Fred McCarthy and TONTO

John Todd born Fred McCarthy... 
1877 – July 14, 1957 ...

He was an American actor. Known for Shakespearean roles, Todd soon gained work at Detroit radio station WXYZ, as part of director James Jewell's repertory company, with roles on the various series produced by the station. His most famous work was on The Lone Ranger. He played a local sheriff in some of the show's earliest episodes, but on the twelfth broadcast, which aired February 25, 1933, Todd first played his most famous role, the masked man's Native American companion Tonto.


Fran Striker (born Francis Hamilton Striker; August 19, 1903 – September 4, 1962) was an American writer for radio and comics, best known for creating the Lone Ranger, Green Hornet, and Sgt. Preston of the Yukon characters.

Born in Buffalo, New York, Striker attended Lafayette High School and the University of Buffalo, where he was a member of the Theta Chi Fraternity. He dropped out of college, first serving a brief stint in New York City with an amateur theatrical company. Returning to Buffalo, he joined the staff of radio station WEBR (now WDCZ), working as an announcer. In 1929, he moved to WTAM in Cleveland, Ohio, where he served as announcer and continuity writer and wrote his first radio drama script, a biography of Stephen Foster. Lured back to WEBR as station manager, Striker wrote material ranging from skits to half-hour mysteries and Western scripts.


FRED FOY best known announcer and narrator of The Lone Ranger radio series

(FOY: From XYZ to ABC ...
Download the Fred Foy Monograph)

 Frederick William Foy (March 27, 1921 – December 22, 2010) was an American radio and television announcer, who used Fred Foy as his professional name. He is best known for his narration of The Lone Ranger. Radio historian Jim Harmon described Foy as "the announcer, perhaps the greatest announcer-narrator in the history of radio drama." Shortly after graduating from high school in 1938, Foy began in broadcasting with a part-time position at WMBC, a 250-watt independent station in Detroit. He moved to WXYZ in 1942, but World War II interrupted his radio career...[see Wikipedia link for full bio].


GEORGE STENIUS the first Lone Ranger

George Seaton (April 17, 1911 – July 28, 1979) was an American screenwriter, playwright, film director and producer, and theatre director.WIKIPEDIA Born George Stenius in South Bend, Indiana, of Swedish descent, baptized as Roman Catholic, and grew up in a Detroit Jewish neighborhood and described himself as a "Shabas goy". So he went on to learn Hebrew in an Orthodox Jewish Yeshiva and was even bar mitzvahed. Seaton moved to Detroit after graduating from college to work as an actor on radio station WXYZ. John L. Barrett played The Lone Ranger on test broadcasts of the series in early January 1933, but when the program became part of the regular schedule Seaton was cast in the title role. In later years he claimed to have devised the cry "Hi-yo, Silver" because he couldn't whistle for his horse as the script required.



The story is that the man who played the Lone Ranger on the radio was killed in an accident on the night that the show was supposed to go on the air. The producers had to replace him with someone, but didn't want to announce it because they didn't want kids to know that their hero had been killed. So, at the last minute, they hurriedly rewrote the episode with the Ranger injured and unable to speak. He grunted and groaned a bit, and then slowly got his voice (the voice of the new actor, of course) back over the next few weeks. In this way, they got listeners gradually used to the new actor, and kids never knew that their hero had been killed. Here some of these episodes from 1941 on our March edition of RADIOthen The LONE RANGER. The station player is at the column on the right....

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